Weil, Simone

   philosopher, writer
   Born and educated in Paris, simone Weil, whose writings would influence French and British social thought, in 1934 worked at the Renault plant, then taught secondary school while becoming a social activist. in 1936, she joined the international Brigade and fought in the Spanish civil war. After returning to France (1941), she left for New York and London, where she worked in the offices of the resistance in exile. Disagreeing, however, with certain of general charles de gaulle's political policies, she resigned in 1943. She died in August of that year in England while trying, despite her tuberculosis, to subsist on the same rations as her French compatriots living under the German Occupation. opposed to violence, she always took the side of the weak, vanquished, and oppressed, with whom she identified in her passionate and unrelenting quest for truth and justice. While her mysticism has a Christian inspiration (of Jewish origin, she never converted to Christianity), her views were also drawn from Hellenism, Gnosticism, and Hinduism. The writings of Weil, published after her death, include La Pensateur et la Grâce, 1947; La Connaissance surnaturelle, 1949; L'Enracinement, 1950; Lettre à un religieux, 1951; La Condition ouvrière, 1951; La Source grecque, 1953; Oppression et Liberté, 1955; Écrits historiques et politiques, 1960.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • WEIL, SIMONE — (1909–1943), French philosopher. Simone Weil was one of those rare thinkers whose life and thought were inseparable. Born into an upper class Paris family (her brother was André weil ), she lived most of her adult life in circumstances of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Weil,Simone — Weil, Simone. 1909 1943. French philosopher and mystic who viewed suffering as a means of unity with God. Her works include Waiting for God, published posthumously. * * * …   Universalium

  • Weil, Simone — born Feb. 3, 1909, Paris, France died Aug. 24, 1943, Ashford, Kent, Eng. French mystic and social philosopher. After graduating from the École Normale Supérieure, she taught philosophy in several girls schools from 1931 to 1938. To learn the… …   Universalium

  • Weil, Simone — (1909–43)    Philosopher.    Weil was born in Paris to a non religious Jewish family. After she graduated from university, she served on the republican side in the Spanish Civil War and she also worked as a manual worker in an attempt to identify …   Who’s Who in Christianity

  • Weil, Simone — (1909–1943) French mystic. Weil published only articles, and no definitive interpretation of her thought exists. She lived a life of dedicated deprivation, and eventually starved herself to death as a kind of symbolic participation in Jewish… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Weil, Simone — (1909–43)    French philosopher. Weil grew up in an agnostic household and was educated at the Lycee Henri IV and the école Normale Superieure. As a young woman she was involved in left wing politics, but became increasingly critical of the… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Weil, Simone — (1909 43)    French religious writer. She was born in Paris. She gave up teaching philosophy to become a factory worker. In 1936 she joined the Republicans in the Spanish Civil War. After the Nazi invasion of France she worked as a farm labourer… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Weil, Simone — ► (1909 43) Escritora francesa. Toda su vida estuvo presidida por una preocupación ética de base religioso mística. Criticó sin paliativos la relación entre jerarquía eclesiástica y poderes burgueses establecidos. Escribió diversos ensayos que… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Weil, Simone —  (1909–1943) French philosopher; pronounced vay …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • WEIL, Simone — (1909 1943)    French JEWISH MYSTIC and philosopher. She was a CONVERT to a FORM of PLATONIC CHRISTIANITY who declined BAPTISM and maintained a distance from the CHURCH. Her books include The Need for Roots (1949) and On Science, Necessity and… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

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